|Other Names||Growth/differentiation factor 15, GDF-15, Macrophage inhibitory cytokine 1, MIC-1, NSAID-activated gene 1 protein, NAG-1, NSAID-regulated gene 1 protein, NRG-1, Placental TGF-beta, Placental bone morphogenetic protein, Prostate differentiation factor, GDF15, MIC1, PDF, PLAB, PTGFB|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Regulates food intake, energy expenditure and body weight in response to metabolic and toxin-induced stresses (PubMed:28953886, PubMed:28846097, PubMed:28846098, PubMed:28846099, PubMed:23468844, PubMed:29046435). Binds to its receptor, GFRAL, and activates GFRAL-expressing neurons localized in the area postrema and nucleus tractus solitarius of the brainstem (PubMed:28953886, PubMed:28846097, PubMed:28846098, PubMed:28846099). It then triggers the activation of neurons localized within the parabrachial nucleus and central amygdala, which contitutes part of the 'emergency circuit' that shapes feeding responses to stressful conditions (PubMed:28953886). On hepatocytes, inhibits growth hormone signaling (By similarity).|
|Tissue Location||Highly expressed in placenta, with lower levels in prostate and colon and some expression in kidney (PubMed:9348093). Detected in plasma (at protein level) (PubMed:28572090, PubMed:29046435).|
Thousands of laboratories across the world have published research that depended on the performance of antibodies from Abcepta to advance their research. Check out links to articles that cite our products in major peer-reviewed journals, organized by research category.
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Bone morphogenetic proteins (e.g., BMP9; MIM 605120) aremembers of the transforming growth factor-beta (see TGFB1; MIM190180) superfamily and regulate tissue differentiation andmaintenance. They are synthesized as precursor molecules that areprocessed at a dibasic cleavage site to release C-terminal domainscontaining a characteristic motif of 7 conserved cysteines in themature protein.
Anand, I.S., et al. Circulation 122(14):1387-1395(2010)Bailey, S.D., et al. Diabetes Care 33(10):2250-2253(2010)Staff, A.C., et al. Gynecol. Oncol. 118(3):237-243(2010)Roth, P., et al. Clin. Cancer Res. 16(15):3851-3859(2010)Huh, S.J., et al. Am. J. Pathol. 176(6):2948-2957(2010)
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