|Application ||FC, WB, IHC|
|Reactivity||Bovine, Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||60 KDa|
|Other Names||Tyrosine 3-monooxygenase, Tyrosine 3-hydroxylase, TH, Th|
|Target/Specificity||SDS-denatured, native rat tyrosine hydroxylase purified from pheochromocytoma.|
|Format||Prepared from rabbit serum by affinity purification using a protein A column and using a column to which the immunogen was coupled|
|Antibody Specificity||Specific for the ~60k tyrosine hydroxylase protein.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||Tyrosine Hydroxylase Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the synthesis of the catecholamines dopamine and norepinephrine. TH antibodies can therefore be used as markers for dopaminergic and noradrenergic neurons in a variety of applications including depression, schizophrenia, Parkinson’s disease and drug abuse (Kish et al., 2001; Zhu et al., 2000; Zhu et al., 1999). TH antibodies can also be used to explore basic mechanisms of dopamine and norepinephrine signaling (Witkovsky et al., 2000; Salvatore et al., 2001; Dunkley et al., 2004).
Dunkley PR, Bobrovskaya L, Graham ME, Von Nagy-Felsobuki EI, Dickson PW (2004) Tyrosine hydroxylase phosphorylation: regulation and consequences. J Neurochem 91:1025-1043.
Kish SJ, Kalasinsky KS, Derkach P, Schmunk GA, Guttman M, Ang L, Adams V, Furukawa Y, Haycock JW (2001) Striatal dopaminergic and serotonergic markers in human heroin users. Neuropsychopharmacology 24:561-567.
Salvatore MF, Waymire JC, Haycock JW (2001) Depolarization-stimulated catecholamine biosynthesis: involvement of protein kinases and tyrosine hydroxylase phosphorylation sites in situ. J Neurochem 79:349-360.
Witkovsky P, Gabriel R, Haycock JW, Meller E (2000) Influence of light and neural circuitry on tyrosine hydroxylase phosphorylation in the rat retina. J Chem Neuroanat 19:105-116.
Xu ZQ, Lew JY, Harada K, Aman K, Goldstein M, Deutch A, Haycock JW, Hokfelt T (1998) Immunohistochemical studies on phosphorylation of tyrosine hydroxylase in central catecholamine neurons using site- and phosphorylation state-specific antibodies. Neurosci 82:727-738.
Zhu MY, Klimek V, Haycock JW, Ordway GA (2000) Quantitation of tyrosine hydroxylase protein in the locus coeruleus from postmortem human brain. J Neurosci Meth 99:37-44.
Zhu MY, Klimek V, Dilley GE, Haycock JW, Stockmeier C, Overholser JC, Meltzer HY, Ordway GA (1999) Elevated levels of tyrosine hydroxylase in the locus coeruleus in major depression. Biol Psychiatry 46:1275-1286.
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