|Other Names||Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 2, PARP-2, mPARP-2, ADP-ribosyltransferase diphtheria toxin-like 2, ARTD2, NAD(+) ADP-ribosyltransferase 2, ADPRT-2, Poly[ADP-ribose] synthase 2, pADPRT-2, Parp2, Adprt2, Adprtl2, Aspartl2|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||Adprt2, Adprtl2, Aspartl2|
|Function||Poly-ADP-ribosyltransferase that mediates poly-ADP- ribosylation of proteins and plays a key role in DNA repair (PubMed:10364231). Mainly mediates glutamate and aspartate ADP- ribosylation of target proteins: the ADP-D-ribosyl group of NAD(+) is transferred to the acceptor carboxyl group of glutamate and aspartate residues and further ADP-ribosyl groups are transferred to the 2'-position of the terminal adenosine moiety, building up a polymer with an average chain length of 20-30 units (By similarity). ADP-ribosylation follows DNA damage and appears as an obligatory step in a detection/signaling pathway leading to the reparation of DNA strand breaks (PubMed:10364231). Also mediates serine ADP-ribosylation of target proteins following interaction with HPF1; HPF1 conferring serine specificity (By similarity). In addition to proteins, also able to ADP-ribosylate DNA: preferentially acts on 5'-terminal phosphates at DNA strand breaks termini in nicked duplex (By similarity).|
|Tissue Location||Widely expressed; the highest levels were in testis followed by ovary. Expression is correlated with proliferation, with higher levels occurring during early fetal development and organogenesis and in the highly proliferative cell compartments of adult|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Parp2 is involved in the base excision repair (BER) pathway, by catalyzing the poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation of a limited number of acceptor proteins involved in chromatin architecture and in DNA metabolism. This modification follows DNA damages and appears as an obligatory step in a detection/signaling pathway leading to the reparation of DNA strand breaks.
Brunyanszki, A., et al. J. Invest. Dermatol. 130(11):2629-2637(2010)Toller, I.M., et al. Cancer Res. 70(14):5912-5922(2010)Nicolas, L., et al. Oncogene 29(19):2877-2883(2010)Li, X., et al. J. Neurochem. 113(4):1012-1022(2010)Quenet, D., et al. Exp. Cell Res. 315(16):2824-2834(2009)
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