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Melittin, honey bee

Synthetic Peptide

     
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Product Information
Primary Accession P68408
Other Accession P01501, P59262, P68409, Q8LW54
Clone Names 9021802
Sequence NH2-GIGAVLKVLTTGLPALISWIKRKRQQ-CONH2
Additional Information
Other Names Melittin, MELT
Format Peptides are lyophilized in a solid powder format. Peptides can be reconstituted in solution using the appropriate buffer as needed.
StorageMaintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.
PrecautionsThis product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.
Protein Information
Name MELT
Function Main toxin of bee venom with strong hemolytic activity and antimicrobial activity. It has enhancing effects on bee venom phospholipase A2 activity. This amphipathic toxin binds to negatively charged membrane surface and forms pore by inserting into lipid bilayers inducing the leakage of ions and molecules and the enhancement of permeability that ultimately leads to cell lysis. It acts as a voltage-gated pore with higher selectivity for anions over cations. The ion conductance has been shown to be voltage-dependent. Self- association of melittin in membranes is promoted by high ionic strength, but not by the presence of negatively charged lipids. In vivo, intradermal injection into healthy human volunteers produce sharp pain sensation and an inflammatory response. It produces pain by activating primary nociceptor cells directly and indirectly due to its ability to activate plasma membrane phospholipase A2 and its pore- forming activity.
Cellular Location Secreted. Target cell membrane {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P01501}. Note=Alpha-helical peptides form toroidal pores in the prey {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P01501}
Tissue Location Expressed by the venom gland.
Research Areas
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$ 277.78
Cat# SP2237b
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Availability: 2-3 weeks
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