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>   home   >   Products   >   Primary Antibodies   >   Signal Transduction   >   Cnr1 antibody - C-terminal region   

Cnr1 antibody - C-terminal region

Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody

     
  • WB - Cnr1 antibody - C-terminal region AI14484

    WB Suggested Anti-Cnr1 Antibody Titration: 1.0 μg/ml
    Positive Control: Mouse Spleen
  • SPECIFICATION
  • CITATIONS
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Product Information
Application
  • Applications Legend:
  • WB=Western Blot
  • IHC=Immunohistochemistry
  • IHC-P=Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin-embedded Sections)
  • IHC-F=Immunohistochemistry (Frozen Sections)
  • IF=Immunofluorescence
  • FC=Flow Cytopmetry
  • IC=Immunochemistry
  • ICC=Immunocytochemistry
  • E=ELISA
  • IP=Immunoprecipitation
  • DB=Dot Blot
  • CHIP=Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • FA=Fluorescence Assay
  • IEM=Immunoelectronmicroscopy
  • EIA=Enzyme Immunoassay
WB
Primary Accession P47746
Other Accession NM_007726, NP_031752
Reactivity Human, Mouse, Rat, Rabbit, Pig, Horse, Bovine, Guinea Pig, Dog
Predicted Human, Mouse, Rat, Pig, Chicken, Horse, Bovine, Guinea Pig, Dog
Host Rabbit
Clonality Polyclonal
Calculated MW 53kDa
Additional Information
Gene ID 12801
Alias Symbol CB1, CB-R, CB1R
Other Names Cannabinoid receptor 1, CB-R, CB1, Brain-type cannabinoid receptor, Cnr1
Format Liquid. Purified antibody supplied in 1x PBS buffer with 0.09% (w/v) sodium azide and 2% sucrose.
Reconstitution & Storage Add 50 ul of distilled water. Final anti-Cnr1 antibody concentration is 1 mg/ml in PBS buffer with 2% sucrose. For longer periods of storage, store at 20°C. Avoid repeat freeze-thaw cycles.
PrecautionsCnr1 antibody - C-terminal region is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.
Protein Information
Name Cnr1
Function G-protein coupled receptor for cannabinoids, including endocannabinoids (eCBs), such as N-arachidonoylethanolamide (also called anandamide or AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) (PubMed:9888857, PubMed:22388959). Mediates many cannabinoid-induced effects, acting, among others, on food intake, memory loss, gastrointestinal motility, catalepsy, ambulatory activity, anxiety, chronic pain (PubMed:9888857, PubMed:27828947). Signaling typically involves reduction in cyclic AMP (PubMed:8832654, PubMed:27828947). In the hypothalamus, may have a dual effect on mitochondrial respiration depending upon the agonist dose and possibly upon the cell type. Increases respiration at low doses, while decreases respiration at high doses (PubMed:25707796, PubMed:27828947). At high doses, CNR1 signal transduction involves G-protein alpha-i protein activation and subsequent inhibition of mitochondrial soluble adenylate cyclase, decrease in cyclic AMP concentration, inhibition of protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent phosphorylation of specific subunits of the mitochondrial electron transport system, including NDUFS2 (PubMed:27828947). In the hypothalamus, inhibits leptin-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and mediates cannabinoid- induced increase in SREBF1 and FASN gene expression (PubMed:25869131). In response to cannabinoids, drives the release of orexigenic beta- endorphin, but not that of melanocyte-stimulating hormone alpha/alpha- MSH, from hypothalamic POMC neurons, hence promoting food intake (PubMed:25707796). In the hippocampus, regulates cellular respiration and energy production in response to cannabinoids. Involved in cannabinoid-dependent depolarization-induced suppression of inhibition (DSI), a process in which depolarization of CA1 postsynaptic pyramidal neurons mobilizes eCBs, which retrogradely activate presynaptic CB1 receptors, transiently decreasing GABAergic inhibitory neurotransmission (PubMed:22388959). Also reduces excitatory synaptic transmission (PubMed:27828947). In superior cervical ganglions and cerebral vascular smooth muscle cells, inhibits voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels in a constitutive, as well as agonist-dependent manner (By similarity). In cerebral vascular smooth muscle cells, cannabinoid- induced inhibition of voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels leads to vasodilation and decreased vascular tone (By similarity). Induces leptin production in adipocytes and reduces LRP2-mediated leptin clearance in the kidney, hence participating in hyperleptinemia (PubMed:22841573). In adipose tissue, CNR1 signaling leads to increased expression of SREBF1, ACACA and FASN genes (PubMed:15864349). In the liver, activation by endocannabinoids leads to increased de novo lipogenesis and reduced fatty acid catabolism, associated with increased expression of SREBF1/SREBP-1, GCK, ACACA, ACACB and FASN genes (PubMed:15864349, PubMed:21987372). May also affect de novo cholesterol synthesis and HDL-cholesteryl ether uptake (PubMed:21987372). Peripherally modulates energy metabolism. In high carbohydrate diet-induced obesity, may decrease the expression of mitochondrial dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase/DLD in striated muscles, as well as that of selected glucose/ pyruvate metabolic enzymes, hence affecting energy expenditure through mitochondrial metabolism (PubMed:26671069). In response to cannabinoid anandamide, elicits a proinflammatory response in macrophages, which involves NLRP3 inflammasome activation and IL1B and IL18 secretion. In macrophages infiltrating pancreatic islets, this process may participate in the progression of type-2 diabetes and associated loss of pancreatic beta- cells (PubMed:23955712).
Cellular Location Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P21554}. Mitochondrion outer membrane. Cell projection, axon {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P20272}. Cell junction, synapse, presynapse {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P20272}. Note=In CA1 hippocampal neurons, 15.5% of total protein is localized in mitochondria (PubMed:22388959). Found on presynaptic axon terminals in some GABAergic neurons in the somatosensory cortex (By similarity). In striated muscles, predominantly located in mitochondria (PubMed:27826249). Unexpectedly, in the mitochondria, the C-terminus is located in the mitochondrial intermembrane space, a compartment topologically considered as extracellular. In canonical seven-transmembrane G-protein coupled receptors, the C-terminus is cytosolic (PubMed:22388959) {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P20272, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22388959, ECO:0000269|PubMed:27826249}
Tissue Location Expressed in brain neurons (at protein level) (PubMed:22388959). Detected throughout the striatum, cortex and hippocampus, with highest levels in the lateral striatum (PubMed:15606779, PubMed:10891614, PubMed:22388959). In rostral brain regions, high expression levels in the dorsal lateral striatum, while in the caudal brain regions, high levels are observed in the ventral lateral striatum (PubMed:10891614). Expressed in neurons (PubMed:10891614). In the hypothalamus, expressed in both GABAergic and glutamatergic presynaptic terminals of POMC neurons (at protein level) (PubMed:25869131, PubMed:25707796). Expressed in striated muscles, including skeletal muscles (gastrocnemius and rectus abdominis) and myocardium (at protein level) (PubMed:26671069, PubMed:27826249) Expressed in the liver, with highest levels in Kupffer cells and lower levels in endothelial cells as well as hepatocytes, particularly in perivascular areas (at protein level) (PubMed:15864349, PubMed:21987372). The hepatic expression level is up-regulated in obese mice compared to lean animals (PubMed:21987372)
Research Areas
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References

Chakrabarti A.,et al.DNA Seq. 5:385-388(1995).
Ho B.Y.,et al.Neurosci. Lett. 212:123-126(1996).
Ledent C.,et al.Science 283:401-404(1999).
McCaw E.A.,et al.Eur. J. Biochem. 271:4909-4920(2004).
Bonner T.I.,et al.Submitted (MAR-1995) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.

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$ 389.00
Cat# AI14484
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