|Other Names||Ataxin-3, Machado-Joseph disease protein 1, Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 protein, ATXN3, ATX3, MJD, MJD1, SCA3|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP2181b was selected from the C-term region of human MJD . A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||Peptides are lyophilized in a solid powder format. Peptides can be reconstituted in solution using the appropriate buffer as needed.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||ATX3, MJD, MJD1, SCA3|
|Function||Deubiquitinating enzyme involved in protein homeostasis maintenance, transcription, cytoskeleton regulation, myogenesis and degradation of misfolded chaperone substrates (PubMed:12297501, PubMed:17696782, PubMed:23625928, PubMed:28445460, PubMed:16118278). Binds long polyubiquitin chains and trims them, while it has weak or no activity against chains of 4 or less ubiquitins (PubMed:17696782). Involved in degradation of misfolded chaperone substrates via its interaction with STUB1/CHIP: recruited to monoubiquitinated STUB1/CHIP, and restricts the length of ubiquitin chain attached to STUB1/CHIP substrates and preventing further chain extension (By similarity). Interacts with key regulators of transcription and represses transcription: acts as a histone-binding protein that regulates transcription (PubMed:12297501). Regulates autophagy via the deubiquitination of 'Lys-402' of BECN1 leading to the stabilization of BECN1 (PubMed:28445460).|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus matrix. Nucleus. Note=Predominantly nuclear, but not exclusively, inner nuclear matrix|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Machado-Joseph disease is an autosomal dominant neurologic disorder, and is now known to be the same as previously described spinocerebellar ataxia-3. MJD protein (Ataxin-3) contains (CAG)n repeats in the coding region, and the expansion of these repeats from the normal 13-36 to 68-79 is the cause of Machado-Joseph disease. There is a negative correlation between the age of onset and CAG repeat numbers. This protein interacts with key regulators (CBP, p300 and PCAF) of transcription and represses transcription, and also acts as a histone-binding protein that regulates transcription. MJD is a deubiquitinating enzyme.
Albrecht, M., et al., Eur. J. Biochem. 271(15):3155-3170 (2004).Michlewski, G., et al., J. Mol. Biol. 340(4):665-679 (2004).Li, Y., et al., Ann. Neurol. 56(1):124-129 (2004).Beuckmann, C.T., et al., J. Neurosci. 24(18):4469-4477 (2004).Berke, S.J., et al., J. Neurochem. 89(4):908-918 (2004).
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