|Other Names||Bifunctional 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate synthase 1, PAPS synthase 1, PAPSS 1, Sulfurylase kinase 1, SK 1, SK1, Sulfate adenylyltransferase, ATP-sulfurylase, Sulfate adenylate transferase, SAT, Adenylyl-sulfate kinase, 3'-phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfate synthase, APS kinase, Adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate 3'-phosphotransferase, Adenylylsulfate 3'-phosphotransferase, PAPSS1, ATPSK1, PAPSS|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP2607b was selected from the C-term region of human PAPSS1. A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||Peptides are lyophilized in a solid powder format. Peptides can be reconstituted in solution using the appropriate buffer as needed.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Bifunctional enzyme with both ATP sulfurylase and APS kinase activity, which mediates two steps in the sulfate activation pathway. The first step is the transfer of a sulfate group to ATP to yield adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (APS), and the second step is the transfer of a phosphate group from ATP to APS yielding 3'-phosphoadenylylsulfate (PAPS: activated sulfate donor used by sulfotransferase). In mammals, PAPS is the sole source of sulfate; APS appears to be only an intermediate in the sulfate-activation pathway (PubMed:9576487, PubMed:9668121, PubMed:9648242, PubMed:14747722). Required for normal biosynthesis of sulfated L-selectin ligands in endothelial cells (PubMed:9576487).|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in testis, pancreas, kidney, thymus, prostate, ovary, small intestine, colon, leukocytes and liver. Also expressed in high endothelial venules (HEV) cells and in cartilage|
Thousands of laboratories across the world have published research that depended on the performance of antibodies from Abcepta to advance their research. Check out links to articles that cite our products in major peer-reviewed journals, organized by research category.
firstname.lastname@example.org, and receive a free "I Love Antibodies" mug.
Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Sulfotransferase (SULT) enzymes catalyze the sulfate conjugation of many drugs, xenobiotic compounds, hormones, and neurotransmitters. 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS) synthase (PAPSS) catalyzes the biosynthesis of PAPS which serves as the universal sulfonate donor compound for all sulfotransferase reactions. In humans, PAPS is synthesized from adenosine 5-prime triphosphate (ATP) and inorganic sulfate by 2 isoforms, PAPSS1 and PAPSS2 (603005). Bifunctional PAPSS1 is comprised of an N-terminal APS kinase domain, and a C-terminal ATP sulfurylase domain. Full-length protein has significantly less APS kinase activity than the N-terminal fragment, suggesting that the C-terminal domain exerts a regulatory role on the N-terminal APS kinase activity. In humans there are two major isoforms: PAPSS1 and PAPSS2. In brain and skin PAPSS1 is the major isoform, whereas in liver, cartilage and adrenal glands PAPSS2 isoform expression dominates. The predicted 623-amino acid protein is 98% identical to mouse PAPS synthase. The N-terminal 268-amino acid region of human PAPS synthase resembles APS kinases from other organisms and contains 3 conserved nucleotide-binding motifs.
Biochemistry 43 (14), 4356-4365 (2004)IUBMB Life 55 (1), 1-11 (2003)Biochem. J. 365 (PT 2), 497-504 (2002)Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 268 (2), 437-444 (2000)FASEB J. 14 (2), 345-354 (2000)
If you have used an Abcepta product and would like to share how it has performed, please click on the "Submit Review" button and provide the requested information. Our staff will examine and post your review and contact you if needed.
If you have any additional inquiries please email technical services at email@example.com.