|Other Names||Ephrin-B3, EPH-related receptor transmembrane ligand ELK-L3, EPH-related receptor tyrosine kinase ligand 8, LERK-8, EFNB3, EPLG8, LERK8|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Cell surface transmembrane ligand for Eph receptors, a family of receptor tyrosine kinases which are crucial for migration, repulsion and adhesion during neuronal, vascular and epithelial development. Binds promiscuously Eph receptors residing on adjacent cells, leading to contact-dependent bidirectional signaling into neighboring cells. The signaling pathway downstream of the receptor is referred to as forward signaling while the signaling pathway downstream of the ephrin ligand is referred to as reverse signaling. May play a pivotal role in forebrain function. Binds to, and induce the collapse of, commissural axons/growth cones in vitro. May play a role in constraining the orientation of longitudinally projecting axons (By similarity).|
|Cellular Location||Membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein.|
|Tissue Location||Highly expressed in brain; expressed in embryonic floor plate, roof plate and hindbrain segments|
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EFNB3, a member of the ephrin gene family, is important in brain development as well as in its maintenance. Moreover, since levels of EFNB3 expression were particularly high in several forebrain subregions compared to other brain subregions, it may play a pivotal role in forebrain function. The EPH and EPH-related receptors comprise the largest subfamily of receptor protein-tyrosine kinases and have been implicated in mediating developmental events, particularly in the nervous system. EPH Receptors typically have a single kinase domain and an extracellular region containing a Cys-rich domain and 2 fibronectin type III repeats. The ephrin ligands and receptors have been named by the Eph Nomenclature Committee (1997). Based on their structures and sequence relationships, ephrins are divided into the ephrin-A (EFNA) class, which are anchored to the membrane by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol linkage, and the ephrin-B (EFNB) class, which are transmembrane proteins.
Guey, L.T., et al. Eur. Urol. 57(2):283-292(2010) Sokolowski, M., et al. Mol. Psychiatry 15(1):10-11(2010) Shen, M., et al. Environ. Mol. Mutagen. 50(4):285-290(2009) Hosgood, H.D. III, et al. Carcinogenesis 29(10):1938-1943(2008) Xu, K., et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(29):9953-9958(2008) Zhou, R. Pharmacol. Ther. 77(3):151-181(1998)
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