|Other Accession||NM_006572, NP_006563|
|Alias Symbol||G13, MGC46138|
|Other Names||Guanine nucleotide-binding protein subunit alpha-13, G alpha-13, G-protein subunit alpha-13, GNA13|
|Format||Liquid. Purified antibody supplied in 1x PBS buffer with 0.09% (w/v) sodium azide and 2% sucrose.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||Add 50 ul of distilled water. Final anti-GNA13 antibody concentration is 1 mg/ml in PBS buffer with 2% sucrose. For longer periods of storage, store at 20°C. Avoid repeat freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||GNA13 Antibody - N-terminal region is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) are involved as modulators or transducers in various transmembrane signaling systems (PubMed:15240885, PubMed:16787920, PubMed:16705036, PubMed:27084452). Activates effector molecule RhoA by binding and activating RhoGEFs (ARHGEF1/p115RhoGEF, ARHGEF11/PDZ-RhoGEF and ARHGEF12/LARG) (PubMed:15240885, PubMed:12515866). GNA13-dependent Rho signaling subsequently regulates transcription factor AP-1 (activating protein-1) (By similarity). Promotes tumor cell invasion and metastasis by activating RhoA/ROCK signaling pathway (PubMed:16787920, PubMed:16705036, PubMed:27084452). Inhibits CDH1-mediated cell adhesion in process independent from Rho activation (PubMed:11976333).|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Lipid-anchor. Melanosome. Cytoplasm. Nucleus Note=Identified by mass spectrometry in melanosome fractions from stage I to stage IV (PubMed:17081065). Detected in the cytoplasm of Leydig cells and in the seminiferous epithelium, including differentiating cells from the spermatogonia to mature spermatozoa stages (PubMed:18703424). In round spermatids, also present in the nuclei (PubMed:18703424).|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in testis, including in Leydig cells and in the seminiferous epithelium, in differentiating cells from the spermatogonia to mature spermatozoa stages and round spermatids (at protein level). Expressed in 99.2% of spermatozoa from healthy individuals, but only in 28.6% of macrocephalic spermatozoa from infertile patients (at protein level).|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Kabouridis P.S.,et al.Mol. Cell. Biochem. 144:45-51(1995).
Puhl H.L. III,et al.Submitted (MAR-2002) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.
Ota T.,et al.Nat. Genet. 36:40-45(2004).
Mural R.J.,et al.Submitted (JUL-2005) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.
Bhattacharyya R.,et al.J. Biol. Chem. 275:14992-14999(2000).
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