- CITATIONS: 7
|Application ||WB, IHC-P, E|
|Calculated MW||46029 Da|
|Antigen Region||302-330 aa|
|Other Names||2'-5'-oligoadenylate synthase 1, (2-5')oligo(A) synthase 1, 2-5A synthase 1, E18/E16, p46/p42 OAS, OAS1, OIAS|
|Target/Specificity||This OAS1 antibody is generated from rabbits immunized with a KLH conjugated synthetic peptide between 302-330 amino acids from the C-terminal region of human OAS1.|
|Format||Purified polyclonal antibody supplied in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide. This antibody is prepared by Saturated Ammonium Sulfate (SAS) precipitation followed by dialysis against PBS.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 2 weeks. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||OAS1 Antibody (C-term) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Interferon-induced, dsRNA-activated antiviral enzyme which plays a critical role in cellular innate antiviral response. In addition, it may also play a role in other cellular processes such as apoptosis, cell growth, differentiation and gene regulation. Synthesizes higher oligomers of 2'-5'-oligoadenylates (2-5A) from ATP which then bind to the inactive monomeric form of ribonuclease L (RNase L) leading to its dimerization and subsequent activation. Activation of RNase L leads to degradation of cellular as well as viral RNA, resulting in the inhibition of protein synthesis, thus terminating viral replication. Can mediate the antiviral effect via the classical RNase L-dependent pathway or an alternative antiviral pathway independent of RNase L. The secreted form displays antiviral effect against vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), and encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) and stimulates the alternative antiviral pathway independent of RNase L.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Mitochondrion. Nucleus. Microsome Endoplasmic reticulum. Secreted. Note=Associated with different subcellular fractions such as mitochondrial, nuclear, and rough/smooth microsomal fractions|
Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
OAS1 is an interferon inducible protein that may play a role in mediating resistance to virus infection, control of cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis. It binds double-stranded RNA and polymerizes ATP into PPP(A2'P5'A)N oligomers, which activate the latent RNase L that, when activated, cleaves single-stranded RNAs. This protein is associated with different subcellular fractions such as mitochondrial, nuclear, and rough/smooth microsomal fractions.
Strausberg, R.L., et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99(26):16899-16903 (2002).
Sarkar, S.N., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 274(36):25535-25542 (1999).
Ghosh, A., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 272(52):33220-33226 (1997).
Ghosh, S.K., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 266(23):15293-15299 (1991).
Rutherford, M.N., et al., EMBO J. 7(3):751-759 (1988).
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